Evaluation of using Antihipertensi of Angiotensin Renin system to kidney protection on Diabetic patient in X hospital of Yogyakarta
The study was done with retrospective survey and descriptiveevaluative design. A total of 116 diabetic patients were participated in the drug selection assessment and the renoprotective effect among 52 patients was analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric statistics.
The results showed that the antihypertensive drug selection consisted of RAS (ACEIs 48% and AIIRAs 11%), non-RAS 22%, and without antihypertensive drugs 19%. The RAS antihypertensive drugs were administered at 53%; 56%; 92%; and 71% by normal; mild; moderate; and severe kidney dysfuntion patients respectively.
The annual clearance creatinine (Clcr) reduction were 3.93; 9.95; 0.85ml/min and the Clcr reduction in 23 months were 9.27; 8.66; 7.76% for non-RAS; without; and RAS antihypertension respectively, but the effects were not significantly different (p>0.05). In conclusion, renoprotection on diabetic patients by RAS was not more superior than that by non-RAS
Key words: Diabetic Nephropathy, Renoprotection, ACE-Inhibitors (ACEI), Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonists (AIIRA).
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