Capability of boiling water of bay leaf (Eugenia polyantha W) for reducing Streptococcus sp. colony

Agustin Wulan, Agus Sumono

Abstract


Mouth is one of our body parts that have a lot of micro-organisms. The population of micro organism in mouth is higher than the other part of our body. Streptococcus mutant is a cariogenic bacterium that has the capability to produce polysaccharide and initiate the process of carries. There are many ways for preventing dental carries, one of them is using of antiseptic mouth washes. chlorhexidine is one of the most effective mouth washes used to prevent the dental carries and the plaque formation. Unfortunately, only some people who has easy access to the drugs store to get this medicine. So they use herbal that has capability for mouth washes, one of that herbal is bay leaf (Eugenia polyantha W). Aim of this study was to know capability of bay leaf (Eugenia polyantha W) as mouth washes for reducing Streptococcus sp colony.

Saliva samples are taken from 50 patients that come in Dental Hospital Faculty of Dentistry Jember University. 50 patients are divided in 5 groups. Patients were instructed to rinse by 50 %, 75 %, 100 % boiling water of bay leaf, 0.2 % chlorhexidine and aquadest. Then, saliva was inoculates in TSA medium and incubated for 24 hours, before bacteria colony counting.

Result of anova test showed there was significant different of amount of Sterptococcus colony in saliva patient that are rinsed by 50 %, 75 %, 100 % boiling water of bay leaf, 0.2 % chlorhexidine and aquadest (p < 0.05). Result of LSD test show there where significant different in each groups (p < 0.05). The conclusion of this study was boiling water of bay leaf can reduce Streptococcus sp colony.

Key words : bay leaf, mouth washes, bacterial colony.


References


Alcamo E., 1983, Laboratory Fundamental of Microbiology. Canada : Addison Wesley Publishing Company.

Brotosoetarno S., 1997, Peran Serta Mikroorganisme dalam Proses Terjadinya Karies Gigi. Dalam Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Indonesia. Volume 7. Edisi Khusus KPPIKG IX. Jakarta : FKG Universitas Indonesia.

Ford P., 1993, Restorasi Gigi. Alih Bahasa : Narlan Sumawinata. Judul asli : The Restoration of Teeth (1992). Jakarta : Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Kidd E A M, dan Bechal S. J., 1992, Dasar – Dasar Karies : Penyakit dan Penaggulangannya. Alih Bahasa : Narlan Sumawinata dan Faruk S. Judul Asli : Essential of Dental Caries (1987). Jakarta : Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC.

Laksminingsih R., 2000, Pengaruh Kumur dengan Teh Hijau. Dalam Majalah Kedokteran Gigi. Volume 34. Surabaya : FKG Unair.

Laksminingsih R., 2001, Pengaruh Kumur dengan Teh Hitam, Povidon Iodium 1%, Chlorhexidine 0,1% terhadap Jumlah Koloni bakteri dalam Saliva. Dalam Majalah Kedokteran Gigi. Volume 34. Nomer 3a. Agustus 2001. Surabaya : FKG Unair, 456 – 459.

Pelczar and Chan., 1988, Dasar - Dasar Mikrobiologi. Terjemahan Ratna Siri Hadioetomo dari Basic Microbiology (1986). Jilid 2. Jakarta : UI Press, 453 – 454.

Prijantojo P., 1992, Penurunan Radang Gingiva Karena Pemakaian Larutan 0,2 % Chlorhexidine sebagai Obat Kumur. Dalam Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Indonesia. Volume &. No. 7. Jakarta : FKG Universitas Indonesia.

Rahardjo M.B., 1996, Kemampuan Alium sativum Linn dan Kaempferia galanga dalam Menghambat Pertumbuhan Streptococcus mutans. Dalam Majalah Kedokteran Gigi. Edisi FORIL V. Surabaya : FKG Unair, 818 – 823.

Robinson T., 1995, Kandungan Organik Tumbuhan Tinggi. Edisi ke – 6. Koasih Padmawinata : The Organic Constituents of Higher Plants; 6th Ed (1991). Bandung: Penerbit ITB.

Sabir A., 2003, Pemanfaatan Flovanoid di Bidang Kedokteran Gigi. Dalam Majalah Kedokteran Gigi. Edisi Khusus Temu Ilmiah Nasional III. Surabaya : FKG Unair, 81 – 87.

Sugito S. F., 2000, Peranan Teh dalam Mencegah Terjadinya Karies Gigi. Dalam Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Indonesia. Volume 7. Edisi Khusus. Jakarta : FKG Universitas Indonesia.

Sulistiyani., 2001, Uji Toksisitas Obat Kumur Klorheksidin terhadap Kultur Sel. Dalam Majalah Kedokteran Gigi. Volume 34. Nomer 3a. Agustus 2001. Surabaya : FKG Unair, 221 – 223.

Winarto W. P., 2004, Memanfaatkan Bumbu Dapur untuk Mengatasi Aneka Penyakit. Jakarta: Agromedia Pustaka.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp112-117

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian J Pharm indexed by:

web
analytics View My Stats