Bioaccumulation of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons in plankton, algae and fish in south sea waters in Jogjakarta

Endang Lukitaningsih, Ari Sudarmanto

Abstract


As  a  pollutant,  the  presence  of Poly  Aromatic  Hydrocarbons  (PAH)  in  the environment must be always monitored, because of their ability to spread widely through  the  food  chain  and  also  their  carsinogenic  properties.  The  solubility  of PAH  in  water  is  very  low,  therefore  it  is  difficult  to  analyze  their  presence  in water environment by using water as a sample. By utilizing the phenomenon of the  accumulation  of  PAH  in  biolipids,  the  analysis  method  has  been  developed

using  bioindicators.  In  this  research,  the  concentration  of  four  kinds  of  PAH (pyrene,  benzo(a)anthracene,  benzo(k)fluoranthene  and  perylene)  in  several samples  (water,  plankton,  algae  and  fish)  that  collected  from  the  south  sea Jogjakarta  has  been  determined. The bioaccumulation  factor  (BAF)  of  PAH  in each  sample  has  been  calculated  and  the  results  were  from  4498  to  432754; 2552  to  49265;  14156  to  730991,  respectively  for  plankton,  algae  and  fish. Based on the BAF values, plankton can be used as a bioindicator for short term PAH monitoring, while the Upeneus moluccensisfish primarily gills organ can be used as a bioindicator for medium term (months) PAH monitoring.

Key  words  :  poly  aromatic  hydrocarbons,  bioaccumulation  factor,  bioindicator,  Upeneus moluccensis


Full Text:

PDF 18-26

References


Cavalieri, E. L., and Rogan, E. G., 1995, Central role of radical cations in metabolic activation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Xenobiotica, 25, 677-688

Grover, P. L., 1986, Pathways involved in the metabolism and activation on polycyclic hydrocarbons, Xenobiotica, 16, 915-931

Hallet, D. J. and Brecher, R. W., 1983, Cycling of Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons in The Great Lakes Ecosystem in Niagru, J. O and Simons, M.S. (Editors), Toxic Contaminant in The Great Lakes, vol. 14., 195-211, John Wiley and Sons, London

Hegstad, S., Lundanes, E., Holme, J. A. and Alexander, J., 1999, characterization of metabolites of benz(j)aceanthrylene in faeces, urine, bile from rat, Xenobiotica, 29, 1257-1272

John, F. M. and Barulio, D. J., 1985, Interaction between Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and dissolved Humic Material, Binding and Dissociation, Environ. Sci. Technology, 19, 11, 1072-1076

Jones, K. C. and Wild, S. R., 1995, Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons in the United Kingdom Environment: A Preliminary Source Inventory and Budget, Environ. Pollution, 88, 91-108

Kamiet, J. M., Doherty, R. M., Carr P. W., Mackay, D., Abraham, M. H., and Taft, R. W., 1998, Linier Solvation Energy Relationships 44 Parameter Estimation Rules that Allow Accurate Prediction of Octanol/Water Partition Coefficients and Other Solubility and Toxicity Properties of Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Environ. Sci. Technol., 22, 5, 503-509

Lalah, J. O.,and Kanigwara, P.N., 2005, Polynuclear aromatic compounds in kerosene, diesel and unmodified sunflower oil in respective engine exhaust particulate emissions, Toxicol. & Environ. Chem., 87, 463-479

Liu, W. and Sloane, N.H., 1999, The effects of cytochrome P450-448 inhibitors on the binding of benzo(a)pyrene and derivatives to DNA upon microsomal activation, Xenobiotica, 9, 165-171

Lukitaningsih, E., Sudarmanto, B.S., and Primadesa, L., 2004, Bioakumulasi senyawa hydrokarbon polisiklik aromatic dalam Ind. J. Pharmacy, 15,3,110-117

Ollivon, D., Garban, B. and Chesterikoff, A., 1995, Analysis of the Distribution of some Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Sediment and Suspended matter in the River Seine (France), Water, air and Soil Pollution, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, 81, 135-152

Rao, S.I. and Duffel, M.W., 1992, Inhibition of rat hepatic aryl sulphotransferase IV by dihydrodiol derivatives of benzo(a)pyrene and naphthalene, Xenobiotica, 22, 247-255

Samara, C., Lintelmann, J. and Kettrup, A., 1995, Determination of Selected Polynuclear Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Waste Water and Sludge Samples by HPLC with Fluorescene Detection, Toxicol. & Environ. Chem., 8, 89-102

Wheatly, L., Lavendis, Y. A., and Yourous, P., 1993, Exploratory study on the combustion and PAH Emissions of Selected Municipal Waste Plastics, Environ. Sci. Technol., 27, 2885-2895




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp18-26

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian J Pharm indexed by:

web
analytics View My Stats