Antibiotic usage in pediatric respiratory tract infection
The objectives of this study are to describe the pattern, outcome, and cost of antibiotic usage in pediatric respiratory tract infections. A prospective study of pediatrics admitted to Pediatric Ward, Penang Hospital for respiratory tract infections was carried out. Appropriate descriptive analysis
The results showed that penicillin, erythromycin; amoxicillinclavulanate were the most commonly prescribed antibiotics for respiratory tract infections. The average duration of antibiotic therapy 3.0 ± 3.2 days, fever clearance time 2.2 ± 2.4 days, improvement of sign and symptoms 3.7 ± 2.5 days and mean length of stay in the ward was 4.9 ± 2.8 days. The average cost of antibiotics was RM 14.83 ± 83.13, and total cost of respiratory tract infections treatment was RM 98.88 ± 65.87.
Key words: antibiotic, respiratory tract infection, pediatric, hospital
Al-Elidan, F.A., Mcelnay J.C., and Scott, M.G., 1999, Sequential Antimicrobial Therapy: Treatment of severe Lower Respiratory Tract Infections in Children, J Antimicrobial Chemother, 44 (5), 709-715.
Dolores, M.G.T., and Arturo, D., 2001, Safety and Efficacy of Two Courses of OM-85 BV in The Prevention of Respiratory Tract Infections in Children During 12 Month, Chest, 119, 1742-1748
Fahey, T., Stocks, N., and Thomas, T., 1998, Systematic review of the treatment of upper respiratory tract infection, Arch Dis Child, 79, 225-230.
Ochoa, C., Inglada, L., and Eiros, J.M., Solis, G., 2001, Appropriateness of Antibiotic Prescriptions in community-acquired Acute Pediatric Respiratory Infections in Spanish Emergency Rooms, Pediatr Infect Dis J, 20 (8), 751-758,
Pichichero, M.E., 2000, Short course antibiotic therapy for respiratory infections: a review of the evidence, Pediatr Infect Dis, 19 (9), 929-937.
Wang, E.E.L., Einarson, T.R., Kellner, J.D., and Conly, J.M., 1999, Antibiotic Prescribing for Canadian Preschool Children, Evidence of Over prescribing For Viral Respiratory Infections, Clin Infect Dis, 29 (1), 155-160.
Yonghong, Y., Quan, L., and Huizhong, C., 2001, Guidelines to rational use of antibiotics in acute upper respiratory tract infections in Chinese children, Chinese Medical Journal, 114 (4), 339-343
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2017 INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Indonesian J Pharm indexed by:View My Stats